Glyph 132: 1882-1883: Spotted Tail Killed

Sinte kle ska ta ca, Chief Spotted Tail died, Red Horse Owner 1881
Sinte Gleska kte pi, tail spotted they killed him, Coloff for year 1881
Correlates: Red Horse Owner, 1881, Coloff
Interpretation: Sinte [tail] Galeska [ring or "spotted"] was killed by Crow Dog, an agency policeman, August 5, 1881. The Anderson count provides one of the best native portraits of this famous Brule warrior and Chief, Spotted Tail,  identifiable by his trademark black and white, ring-striped racoon tail. A white beaver trapper gave the young Brule a racoon tail, and Spotted Tail used it as his talisman, wearing it as part of his headdress in battle. Spotted-Tail had a record of 26 coups in personal combat. After loosing a major battle to U.S. forces and being imprisoned for a year in 1855-56, he became more circumspect in his dealings with U.S. authorities. When the first Brule Agency was established, it was called "Spotted Tail's Agency," because of his recognized leadership of the Brule. Many Sioux believed he was too accommodating to Whites. (Hyde 1961: ix, 12-13) Whether it was a question of personal rivalry or a matter of Spotted Tail's pro-allotment policies (or both) is unclear, but Crow Dog slew him and was arrested. The legal question of whether the U.S. government had jurisdiction over homocide cases involving Indians on reservation land was tested in Ex parte Crow Dog. The court ruled the U.S. had no such jurisdiction, and Crow Dog was released. The following year in 1885 Congress passed the Major Crimes Act, thus asserting the authority of federal courts over major crimes on the reservation. Crow Dog was photographed by John Anderson. (Red Horse Owner, 41, 62; Powell 34)